Meningitis is the inflammation of protective layers that surround the brain and spinal cord. These layers are called meninges and are there to help protect the brain from injury and infection. Some bacteria that cause meningitis can also cause septicaemia.
The infection can be viral or bacterial and are treated differently.
Viral meningitis is more common than bacterial meningitis and found mostly in younger children who have not developed a mature immune system. The virus lives in the intestines and is carried by coughs and sneezes and poor hygiene. It can commonly cause colds, sore throats, stomach upsets and diarrhoea. Only rarely do these viruses spread through the body to cause meningitis.
Bacterial Meningitis is a life-threatening situation and needs urgent medical attention. The bacteria live at the back of the throat It effects babies and small children more commonly however, teenagers and young people entering university also fall into a higher risk category.
Bacterial infections fall in to five groups:
Other viruses that can cause meningitis include mumps and measles. An MMR vaccine (measles, mumps and rubella) is given within the NHS routine immunisation schedule
If you are interested in arranging for your children to become protected in low combination doses we are able to offer an alternative vaccination schedule to the NHS.
We currently provide vaccinations against Pneumococcal Meningitis and Meningitis A B C W and Y.
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